The Bibliografia gramsciana, founded by John M. Cammett, and now edited by Francesco Giasi and Maria Luisa Righi, in collaboration with International Gramsci Society, is a database of books, papers and articles on Gramsci starting from 1922 and of editions of Gramsci’s writings as from 1927. Contact us for updates or corrections at: email@example.com
The Arab Revolts: The Old Is Dying and the New Cannot Be Born
The toppling of the Tunisian despot in January 2011 produced a wave of revolts that swept the Arab World and opened the door for counterhegemonic movements in the region. Using the Gramscian concept of hegemony, this paper examines the strategies deployed by subaltern groups in three Arab countries with comparable sociopolitical conditions: namely, Egypt, Syria, and Algeria. It contends that Egyptian protesters were successful in toppling their president because they were facing a weak hegemony while in Algeria people were unable to threaten the regime seriously since they confronted a strong hegemonic bloc. Furthermore, on a continuum from the most to the least hegemonic, the Syrian regime is situated midway between the two. The Syrian elite were not strong enough to implement a passive revolution comparable to the Algerian one, but they had sufficient cohesion to prevent a quick fragmentation similar to the one that the Egyptian ruling class experienced.